Fogo Area Guide
Fogo is a volcanic island and is dominated by the spectacular volcano, Pico do Fogo (2829m). It’s possible to walk along the impressive Bordeira and view the spectacular black volcanic moonscape of Cha das Caldeiras from above. Fogo is one of the wetter islands of Cape Verde, and the lovely Cape Verde wine is made here, aswell as much of the farming. Deep sea fishing is some of the best in the world, along with other islands in Cape Verde.
Fogo capital is Sao Filipe, where the majority of the population live, and also close to where the island’s airport can be found. First settled in the 1480s, it is largely an agricultural island. Sao Filipe has a few small hotels along with some good restaurants and shops. The people of Fogo are very friendly and it is virtually crime free.
The volcano has been historically active, last erupting in 2014 with a minor eruption and in 1995, forming a new crater called Pico Pequeno. Its largest feature is a 9 km wide crater, which has walls 1 km high. The crater has a breach in its eastern rim, and a large peak rises in the centre. The central cone Pico forms the highest point of the island and its summit is about 100 m higher than the surrounding wall of the crater.
The small village of Cha das Caldeiras exists at the base of the volcano, and the residents are periodically evacuated during eruptions.