Health No vaccinations are required for entry to Cape Verde, however it is recommended that precautions be taken against cholera, typhoid fever, polio and Hepatitis B. There is a very limited risk of malaria on Santiago Island between September and November, but generally there are very few mosquitoes. Water is unsafe to drink without prior treatment, but we do know Europeans in Santiago who have drunk the tap water for the past 5 years with no ill health. Milk is unpasteurised. Medical facilities are limited and some medicines in short supply. Visitors receive free hospital treatment in general hospitals on presenting their passports, but health insurance is strongly advised, with coverage for emergency repatriation. There is a new hospital and new private health clinics being built on Sal.