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Region Summary

Introduction to Fogo

Fogo is a volcanic island in the Sotavento group of Cape Verde. It has the highest peaks of the group, rising to 2800 m (10,000 ft) above sea level at Mount Fogo. It is also one of the greener and wetter islands of Cape Verde, and all the Cape Verde wine is made here, aswell as much of the farming. Deep sea fishing is some of the best in the world, along with other islands in Cape Verde.

Fogo has a population of 37,403,of which 27330 are living in Sao Filipe, where the islands airport can be found. First settled in the 1480s, it is largely an agricultural island. The islands also houses schools, a gymnasium, banks, a post office, some hotels and squares. The people of Fogo are very friendly and it is virtually crime free. The volcano has been historically active, last erupting in 1995, forming a new crater called Pico Pequeno. Its largest feature is a 9 km wide crater, which has walls 1 km high. The crater has a breach in its eastern rim, and a large peak rises in the centre. The central cone Pico forms the highest point of the island and its summit is about 100 m higher than the surrounding wall of the crater.

A small village, called Ch? das Caldeiras, exists at the base of the volcano, and the residents are periodically evacuated during eruptions. 5000 people live on the volcano?s slopes, most of them inside the crater. This is the most fertile area for farming.